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Cambridge and The War Years - 1900-1950

At last Victoria died. Edward VII was a 'man of the world' and reigned from 1901 till 1910. George V (1910-1936) ruled in the Great War 1915 to 1918 . Edward VIII abdicated after 325 days when he married the American divorcee Mrs Wallis Simpson and give way to his brother George VI (1936-1952), who was popular and married the most loved Queen Elizabeth the Queen Mother. The War lasted from 1939 to 1945. David Lloyd George became the first Welsh speaking Prime Minister, and Ramsay MacDonald the first Labour leader. Neville Chamberlain waved the famous 'appeasement' papers with Adolf Hitler. Winston Churchill was the leader during World War II.


In the 20th century there was industrial development in the surrounding area of Elmdon and Chrishall, notably Ciba-Geigy from 1905 at Duxford only five miles from Elmdon, and Spicers at Sawston from 1914, but Elmdon and Chrishall remained agricultural in atmosphere for a long while, with village events, for instance, fitting in with harvests. Today, of course, like everywhere else, it is much more of a commuter's village but remains attractive and set amid beautiful countryside.

But is was to Cambridge most of the Brands moved to.

The 'Backs', showing King's college

The city of Cambridge is a university city and the county town of Cambridgeshire, England. It lies in East Anglia, on the River Cam, about 50 miles (80 km) north of London. There is archaeological evidence of settlement in the area during the Bronze Age and Roman times; under Viking rule Cambridge became an impo rtant trading centre. The first town charters were granted in the 12th century, although city status was not conferred until 1951.


Cambridge is most widely known as the home of the University of Cambridge, founded in 1209 and consistently ranked one of the top five universities in the world. The university includes the renowned Cavendish Laboratory, King's College Chapel, and the Cambridge University Library.


Nathan Brand (1850-1895) married Alice (Harris) (1853-1945) in Cambridge, and so moved there. He only lasted his 45th year - where Alice lived until she 92! They gave birth to six children. One was William Daniel Brand (1882-1942) who had eleven children - more in due course. Another one was Arthur Edward Brand (1894-?) who had no less than six female offspring!


Another son was Charles Henry Brand (1891-1918) who died in the Great War. There is a touching description saying how he died (produce by Margaret Cakebread). He died three months before the 11 hours of 11 days of 11 month in 1918.


Moving on to the second War, Arthur Brand (1918-2004) was taken a Prisoner of War by the Japan army. He stayed for three years behind the Japanese front line - first in Singapore and finaly Thailand. One of the places he visited was Kanchanaburi, which became immortalised by the film 'Bridge on the River Kwai', and where almost half of the prisoners working on the project died from disease, maltreatment and accidents. Arthur survived and although he was half his weight at the end of the War, he went to live for a further 59 years.


To be worked on...